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How to choose crowning system for your press brake machine
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How to choose crowning system for your press brake machine

Views: 749     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2020-07-09      Origin: Site Inquire

Press brake machine is an important equipment in sheet metal processing, and its working accuracy directly affects the bending accuracy of workpieces. In the bending process of the workpiece, because the two ends of the ram are stressed mostly, the reaction force when the plate is bent leads to concave deformation of the lower surface of the ram, and the deformation of the middle part of the ram is the most, the final bent workpieces have different angles in the whole length direction. In order to eliminate the adverse effects of ram deformation, it is necessary to compensate the deflection deformation of ram. The usual Crowning Systems are hydraulic Crowning and mechanical Crowning, which make the middle part of the workbench produce upward elastic deformation to offset the deformation of the ram of bending machine, ensure the precision of machining joint surface and improve the precision of workpiece. At present, major foreign press brake manufacturers have adopted mechanical crowning devices. Domestic manufacturers will choose the appropriate Crowning method according to the actual situation.

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

⒈ Hydraulic Crowning:

The hydraulic automatic deflection Crowning mechanism of the workbench is composed of a group of oil cylinders installed in the lower workbench. The position and size of each Crowning oil cylinder are designed according to the deflection ram of the ram and the workbench finite element analysis. The hydraulic Crowning realizes the bulge Crowning of the neutral version through the relative displacement between the front, middle and back three vertical plates. The principle is that the bulge is realized through the elastic deformation of the steel plate itself, so the Crowning amount can be adjusted within the elastic range of the workbench.

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

⒉The mechanical Crowning:

Mechanical Crowning is composed of a group of convex wedge blocks with inclined plane, and each convex wedge block is designed according to the deflection curve of finite element analysis of ram and workbench. The CNC Controller calculates the required deflection amount according to the load force when the workpiece is bent (this force will cause deflection deformation of the ram and the workbench vertical plate), and automatically controls the relative movement amount of the convex wedge, thus effectively compensating the deflection deformation caused by the ram and the workbench vertical plate. The ideal mechanical deflection Crowning of the bent workpiece can be achieved by controlling the position to realize "pre-bulging". A set of wedges form a curve consistent with the actual deflection in the length direction of the workbench, so that the gap between the upper and lower dies is consistent during bending.

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

Principle of two Crowning Systems

Because there are many kinds of control systems for CNC Press brake machine, the working principles of hydraulic Crowning and mechanical Crowning are explained by taking DA-66T series numerical control system of DELEM Company in the Netherlands as an example.

⒈Working principle of hydraulic Crowning

The following flow chart is a control schematic diagram taking DELEN DA-66T numerical control system and HO-ERBIGER hydraulic system as examples.

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

In the figure below, we can see that the underside of the workbench is made up of a thick main board and two relatively thin side boards. At the position where the Crowning cylinder is placed in the figure, the position of the middle main board is obviously protruding. When the workpiece is bent, the hydraulic valve opens the opening of the proportional valve according to the Crowning value automatically calculated by the numerical control system, and the hydraulic oil is filled into the Crowning oil cylinder. The piston in the Crowning oil cylinder will push out a small part, which makes the middle main board produce upward elastic deformation, thus improving the accuracy of the workpiece. Of course, the bending accuracy of workpiece is also related to the setting of internal parameters of CNC system.

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

⒉The working principle of mechanical Crowning

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

The mechanical Crowning mechanism is composed of upper and lower pads and worktables, which are connected by a disc spring and bolts. The upper and lower pads are composed of multiple inclined wedges with different slopes. When no mechanical Crowning is added, there is a clear difference between the slopes of both ends of the upper and lower pads and the middle. This is because the amount of deformation Crowning required in the middle of the machine tool is the largest. After adding mechanical Crowning, the slopes of the upper and lower pads are the same; before Crowning, they are completely fitted together. When Crowning is needed, the lower pad moves to the left under the drive of the motor, and the upper and lower pads the board still fits together at the left end and has been separated at the right end. Due to the different slopes of the upper and lower pads, the upper pad will undergo upward convex elastic deformation under the action of the lower pad. This mechanical Crowning mechanism adopts the whole upper and lower pads, of course, it is also possible to use a split wedge with a slope, and then use a threaded screw to drive the wedge to move left and right, thereby achieving Crowning for the deformation of the machine tool ram To improve the bending accuracy of the workpiece, the electrical control principle is the same as that of the overall mechanical Crowning mechanism of the upper and lower pads. This split type wedge block mechanical Crowning mechanism is currently more common in domestic large-tonnage bending machines. Through mechanical Crowning, the deformation of the machine tool ram is offset, thereby ensuring the accuracy of the machining joint surface and improving the accuracy of the workpiece.

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

Comparison of two Crowning Systems

⒈Advantages of hydraulic Crowning:

● After long time use, the hydraulic Crowning has no wear problem, while the lead screw and wedge block of mechanical Crowning will wear after long time use.

Hydraulic Crowning takes up less space, while mechanical Crowning takes up more free space in both height and width directions.

● When hydraulic Crowning is used, it is impossible for the plate to be displaced, because the lower table is in the plane state of the whole and in the plane contact state with the bent plate, and it is very stable when the upper cross contacts the "clamping point" with the plate village. The mechanical Crowning works only after bending, which may lead to unpredictable errors.

● Hydraulic Crowning can be adjusted when the workpiece is not removed, which is impossible in mechanical Crowning.


⒉The advantages of mechanical Crowning:

 The mechanical Crowning has long-lasting stability, which reduces the maintenance difficulty and frequency of hydraulic Crowning (such as oil leakage caused by sealing ring damage) and is maintenance-free during the service life of the machine tool.

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

Because there are many Crowning points in mechanical Crowning, accurate deflection Crowning can be obtained in the whole length of the worktable, which makes the bending machine bend the workpiece in a more linear Crowning mode and improves the bending effect of the workpiece.

Introduction of two Crowning Systems

● Mechanical Crowning uses a potential ruler to measure the position of the return signal, as a numerical control axis, realizing digital control and making the Crowning value more accurate.

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