Clean the hydraulic oil
The hydraulic system has the high requirement for the cleanliness of hydraulic oil. The clean of the oil tank is very important.
When replacing the hydraulic oil, you must discharge the cover of the oil tank. Usethe towel to clean the bottom of the tank(do not use cotton yarn), then wash with cleaning coal oil gasoline,. For limitation of tank cover, the arm cannot reach the end of the tank; you can wrap the towel on the bamboo or stick to wipe each corner. Loosen the leaking plug or brake valve to leak out the dirty oil.
Use the cleaning towel to dry the sides and bottom of the tank until it1s clean. If necessary, roll the dough at the welding seam or difficult cleaning places to cling the dirt, and then put on the cover.
Choose the hydraulic oil
The mark value of hydraulic oil is equal to the average value of viscosity when the temperature is 40 degree.
If the working pressure and temperature of the hydraulic system are higher and the working speed is slower, the chose hydraulic oil mark is higher.
It is recommended to use antiwar hydraulic oil ISO VA46#(the average value of viscosity is 46mm2/s when the temperature is 40 degree). If the machine operates under 5 degree for a long period, you can choose hydraulic oil ISO VG32#.
It is also recommended not to use the machine at very how temperatures(below-5degree. However should this occur, and then let the machine run idle for a while. An oil heater can be fitted in the circuit if required.
Under the normal working conditions, the oil temperature must not exceed 70 degree. Under special conditions, oil cooler can be fitted necessary.
Fill the oil
The using oil must clean. Screw the nut of air filter, filling through the air filter. If using the filling equipment with filter, you can open the cover of the oil tank and fill directly.. Observe oil gauge, when ram stops at Top Dead Spot, the hydraulic oil fills at 80-90% of interspaces.
Make the machine work, first idling then at the maximum stroke to expel any air bubbles in the hydraulic circuit.
Hydraulic schematic drawing checks the following fig..
The hydraulic system`s working rule as follows:
The cutting frame goes down:
When the magnetic discharge valve 3 is electricity working on, the hydraulic oil drew out by pump 2 and flows through magnetic discharge valve3, go into the hold downs and the up-area of main oil cylinder, the piston of hold downs go down to press the metal-plate after against the pull force of the spring, and the oil pressure starts to rise. When the pressure get against the nitrogen gas pressure in stroke cylinder, the cutting frame goes down to cut.
The cutting frame returns up:
When up-cut frame goes down at the down-dead spot, magnetic iron YV1 of magnetic discharge valve 3 lost electricity by a limit switch,the cutting frame goes up by the pressure from nitrogen gas cylinder. At the same time oil of up-area in the main cylinder flow back oil tank through the magnetic discharge valve. Also, the piston of hold downs goes up by the pull force of the spring and oil return back to oil tank through magnetic discharge valve3. When the cutting frame come at the up-dead spot, one cutting is finished.
6.Standard control equipment
Adjustment and operation of hydraulic shearing machine
The blade gap is very important to the quality of cutting and the life of blades, please according to the gap adjusting table below.
When adjusting the gap(see picture2), need to loose the tight screw(4),then turn the handwhe3el to the requested value after calculated by the thickness of the plate, then tight(4).
There is a ball valve (on right side of the machine, outside of cylinder).It is used to measure the coincidence gap between up and low blade.