Press Brake Bending Basics Introduction
You are here: Home » Support » Blog » Press Brake Bending Basics Introduction

Press Brake Bending Basics Introduction

Views: 52     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-05-16      Origin: Site


facebook sharing button
twitter sharing button
line sharing button
wechat sharing button
linkedin sharing button
pinterest sharing button
whatsapp sharing button
sharethis sharing button

Press Brake Bending Introduction:

Press brake bending is a common and versatile method used in sheet metal fabrication to form precise and accurate bends in metal sheets. This process involves using a press brake machine, which applies force to a metal workpiece, causing it to bend at a specific angle. Press brake bending is widely used in industries such as automotive, aerospace, construction, and manufacturing. In this article, we will explore the fundamental principles, terminology, equipment, and techniques involved in press brake bending.

Press brake bending

1. Press Brake Machine:

A press brake machine is the primary equipment used for bending metal sheets. It consists of a sturdy frame, a bending tool (punch), and a die. The punch is mounted on the upper beam, while the die is fixed on the lower bed. The machine exerts a downward force on the workpiece, pressing it against the die and creating the desired bend.

Press brake bending

2. Types of Press Brake Machines:

Press brake machines can be classified into two main types based on their operation:

a. Mechanical Press Brake: This type of machine uses a mechanical flywheel and clutch system to generate force. Mechanical press brakes are known for their high-speed operation and are suitable for bending thinner sheets.

b. Hydraulic Press Brake: Hydraulic press brakes use hydraulic cylinders to apply force. They offer more control over the bending process and can handle thicker and heavier sheets.

Press brake bending

3. Bending Terminology:

Understanding the key terminology related to press brake bending is essential. Here are some important terms:

a. Bending Force: The force applied to the workpiece to bend it. It is measured in tons and depends on the material type, thickness, and bending angle.

b. Bending Angle: The angle at which the workpiece is bent. It is usually measured in degrees.

Press brake bending

c. Springback: The elastic recovery of the material after bending. When the bending force is released, the material tends to return partially to its original shape. Springback should be considered during the bending process to achieve the desired final angle.

d. Bend Allowance: The length of material consumed during bending. It accounts for the stretching and compression that occurs during the bending process and helps determine the correct length of the flat pattern.

4. Bending Process:

The process of press brake bending involves several steps:

a. Material Selection: Choose the appropriate material based on its characteristics such as ductility, thickness, and strength. Common materials include steel, aluminum, and stainless steel.

Press brake bending

b. Bending Tool Selection: Select the appropriate punch and die based on the desired bend angle, material type, and thickness. Different tooling configurations are available for various bending applications.

c. Bending Sequence: Determine the order in which the bends will be made, considering the part's design and geometry. Complex parts may require a specific bending sequence to avoid interference.

d. Setup and Positioning: Securely clamp the workpiece in the press brake machine, ensuring it is aligned with the bending tooling. Proper positioning is crucial to achieve accurate and consistent bends.

Press brake bending

e. Bend Calculation: Calculate the bend allowance and the required bend angle based on the material properties and design specifications. Use formulas or specialized software for precise calculations.

f. Bending Execution: Activate the press brake machine, applying the necessary force to the workpiece. The bending process should be performed gradually and evenly to avoid material distortion or damage.

Get A Quote
Copyright  2023 Nanjing Harsle Machine Tool Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.