Difference Between CNC Press Brake and NC Press Brake
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Difference Between CNC Press Brake and NC Press Brake

Views: 6748     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-05-10      Origin: Site


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When someone wants to purchase press brake, sometimes he will be confused with CNC press brake and NC press brake. Actually there are many differences between these two press brake machines. Today we will share some main important tips about how to distinguish CNC press brake and NC press brake. Hope it will give you some helps when you start your business. Actually, we will name torsion-bar type press brake “NC Press brake” and name Electro-hydraulic type press brake “CNC press brake".

CNC Press Brake

Nc Press Brake



The design principle for both machines is different, it results in the different synchronous structures on both sides of the ram. NC press brake adopts torsion shaft to connect the both sides of the ram and force the ram to move up and down synchronously, in this way, NC press brake uses the compulsive synchronous way mechanically, so the ram parallelism cannot be check and adjust by itself. For the CNC Press brake, two linear encoders are installed on the machine both sides and the CNC controller can analyze the synchronous condition on both sides of the ram by the feedback from both linear encoders. If there is some error, the controller will make the adjustment by the proportional valve to keep the synchronization of the ram. CNC controller, hydraulic system and the linear encodes consist of the closed loop control system.

torsion bar


Linear encoder

Linear encoder


The ram parallelism will affect the workpiece accuracy. The NC Press brake synchronization is kept mechanically and it has no real time feedback for the error, what is more, it can not adjust by itself and will cause the low bending accuracy. On NC press brake, both cylinders are forced to move up and down synchronously by the torsion-bar. If the partial load exists for long time, it will cause the deformation for the torsion-bar. For CNC Press brake, the controller will control the synchronization of the ram by both proportional valve and the linear encoder will send back the feedback for the error to the controller, if there is some error, the linear encoder will send the feedback and the controller will send the signal to the proportional to make the adjustment and keep the ram synchronous and improve the bending accuracy.

bending accuracy

Working speed

For the press brake, we are always talking about three speeds: Down speed, working speed and return speed. For NC Press brake, it will us 6:1 or 8:1 cylinder, for the CNC Press brake, it will use 13:1 or 15:1 cylinder, so CNC press brake will work faster than NC press brake. When NC press brake ram comes down, its down speed is around 80mm/s, the backgauge moving speed is around 100mm/s. But for CNC Press brake, its ram down speed will be up to 200mm/s and it can move very fluently during the speed change point. Its backgauge speed can be up to 400mm/s and it will improve the working efficiency obviously.

working speed

Mechanic rigidity

Because of its design, NC press brake can not bend by partial load. If it is working like this for long time, the torsion-bar will deform easily. It will not happen on the CNC press brake, both Y1 and Y2 Axes will work independently and it can work by partial load.

torsion bar structure

Torsion-bar structure

closed loop system

Closed loop system

Crowning system

For most of NC press brake, it will not come with crowning system as standard. The operator needs to adjust the bending angle manually before bending the official product. It will take long time and waste material; it will also be difficult to make the product in very precision way.

Sometimes, the customer will also add the manual crowning system as optional part for his press brake, considering the manual operating method, we also cannot compare it with CNC press brake. Because on CNC Press brake, the crowning system will be controlled by the Controller and it will adjust the crowning system according to the bending parameters. It can improve the working efficiency and accuracy.

CNC Crowning

CNC Axis

NC press brake normally can only control X and Y axis, but for CNC Press brake, it can control at least 3+1 axis. Other options can be like 4+1 axis, 5+1 axis, 6+1 axis, 7+1 axis, 8+1 axis and so on. It can work for more complicated product bending.

cnc backgauge

Optional configurations

We will use mechanical fast clamp, manual crowning system, manual height adjustment Z stopper, ball screw and linear guide, oil cooler, light curtain for the NC press brake, but on CNC press brake, apart from these optional configurations on the NC press brake, we can also choose TYOKKO or AMADA type double-face clamp, hydraulic clamp, robotic arm, sheet follower, laser protection, laser angle measurement, servo pump unit.





CNC press brake

NC press brake


Ram synchronization

Stable synchronous performance, better   flexibility. CNC controller can detect and correct ram inclination.

Torsion rod ensures the ram   synchronization mechanically


Bending angle calculation

Bending angle can be figured out   automatically by inputting press brake tooling angle, opening, radium and   metal sheet thickness through CNC controller.



Feedback of bending depth

Linear encoder can detect the position   of both sides of the ram and has the crowning structure of throat   deformation, which can ensure the same angle in the line of the bending   channel.



Worktable crowning

CNC controller can figure out required   crowning force for the worktable deformation during bending process   automatically, which can ensure the uniformity of bending angle in whole   length and improve the linearity of the work-piece.



Angular correction

If the programming angle differs from   the actual bending angle, CNC controller can automatically correct the angle   once the user inputs the error   value.



Back gauge position

System can figure out the position of   each back-gauge axis automatically according to the bending height, moving   and correcting quickly.

Back gauge can only move back and front   by manually inputting value


Programming method

Date or graph programming, easy program   modification and editing.

Program cylinder stroke and back gauge movement


Unfolding length

CNC Controller can calculate the   unfolding length by graphic programming of interior or exterior size.   (DA-58T, DA-66T, DA-69T)



Interference calculation

CNC controller can automatically   determine the reasonable bending sequence according to the programmable   graph, punch and die, machine outline, and alert in the case of bending   interference. Bending sequence can also be confirmed by manual modification.



Ram down speed




Bending angle accuracy




Back gauge axis

Several CNC axes for optional

Only X axis

(back and front)

Price comparision

Actually, If the machine capacity is less than 200tons, the price for CNC press brake will be more than 2 times higher than NC press brake. If the press brake capacity is more than 200tons, the price for CNC press brake will be less than 2 times than NC press brake. In this way, if the bending machine capacity is higher, it will be better to choose CNC Press brake machine.

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